Studio Microphone

Microphone is undoubtedly an indispensable part of any studio irrespective of whether the recording is for ads, movies or cartoon shows. A studio microphone is an electric transducer or sensor with a capacity to transform sounds into electrical signal. The journey of microphone started as telephone transmitter. Alexander Graham Bell developed this along with Elisha Gray in 1876. The word ‘microphone’ is originally a Greek word, which means ‘small voice’. Now with technological revolution, microphones are available in a huge variety and improved versions. In addition, with the increasing needs for different kinds of recordings, studio microphone has also emerged with various types. Below mentioned are some of the popular types of studio microphones that you can consider:

USB Microphone: It is one of the latest versions of microphones, which contains almost every component of previous and traditional microphones. It looks like diaphragm or capsule having additional two circuits. This type of microphone is a kind of latest craze in the world of digital recording. The excessive use of digital system has given USB Microphone a remarkable position in studio recording.

Condenser Microphone: This type of microphone consists of immovable parts and it supports a simple mechanical system. This is actually one of the oldest types of microphones. The structure of this microphone has a thin stretched conductive diaphragm supported with a backplate. This is a kind of metal disk. When the sound reaches the diaphragm, it starts vibrating to generate the waveform. This causes a variation in the output voltage. All kinds of condenser microphones function on this basic principal.

Dynamic Microphone: This kind of microphone creates audio signal through the motion of conductor, which is present within the range of the magnetic field. The light and thin diaphragm moves according to the pressure of the sound. Sometimes these microphones have the capacity to absorb very high sound pressure levels. This is generally used for any live telecast. Any recording of musical instruments such as drums and electric guitars are done with the help of dynamic microphones.

Ribbon Microphone: Also known as velocity microphone, it responds according to the velocity of air molecules that passes through it. This is the only microphone that does not depend much on the sound pressure level, which is the main criterion for the working in other microphones. It works by a loose and small-suspended element, which is a corrupted metal strip, kept in a very strong magnetic field. This microphone is the first commercially successful directorial microphones.

The maintenance of any microphone is very important for longevity. It is generally seen that after using any microphone, it is not kept properly or maintained in safer way. This creates problem in using the microphone further. However, the way of using is also very important in proper maintenance of microphones.

For example, a person using a microphone needs to keep certain things in mind, so that it works effectively and for a long time. They are:

  • It is not a good thing to put the fingers or hands on any part of the microphone.
  • The volume of the microphone needs a thorough checkup before the start of any program.
  • Change of equalizer needs to be accurate, so that the sound produced from the microphone is equal.
  • The microphone needs to pull away from the mouth when a higher note is required. This helps the microphone to catch and deliver the sound properly.
  • After usage, the mesh head of microphone needs to be removed and cleaned properly. This helps the microphone produce good sound and work for long.
This Studio Microphone Review is Written/Updated on Jun 27th, 2010 and filed under Consumer Electronics. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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