AMD Processor

Some might say that a computer is only as good as its microprocessor. Truly, a microprocessor (sometimes simply called a processor) is the heart of any computer, server or other similar machine. A processor (which can also be called a CPU or central processing unit) is a complete computation engine fabricated based on a single chip. This single chip allows it to perform all the functions we know and love in a computer. For example, the very first microprocessor, introduced in 1971, was so simple that all it could do was add and subtract. But people were still awed by these microprocessors because it was the first time that something built on a single microchip had performed with that much functionality. Before 1971, computers were built on multiple chips, and that was considered the height in modern technology.

Soon after the miracle of the single chip processor in 1971, companies began introducing more and more sophisticated processors. Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) comes into this story with their AMD processors a little later. The well known electronics company Intel was one of the first microprocessor producers to make a real splash on the microprocessor scene. They did this in the 1970s with their Intel 8080 and Intel 8008 models of microprocessors. These microprocessors were built around an 8-bit chip. The computer market then began to progress, and that progression was based largely on the innovations in microprocessors by companies like Intel. Starting in the 1970’s, the PC market progressed from PC market progressed from the Intel 8088 to the 80286 to the 80386 to the 80486 to the Pentium to the Pentium II to the Pentium III to the Pentium 4. All of these microprocessors are made by electronics giant Intel and all of them are improvements on the basic design of the 8088. For a layman, the basic thing to know about the different in an 8088 and a Pentium IV is that a Pentium IV can execute the same code that could be executed on an 8088, only the Pentium IV can do it 50,000 times faster. This is why we, as personal computer users, notice the change in processor speed when we upgrade our computers and why a computer user from the 1970’s who was suddenly time warped to the current time would be floored by computer speed.

AMD processors come in at a bit of a later stage. But first , a little about AMD as a company. AMD is based in Sunnyvale, California and specializes in AMD processors and related technologies. In 1975, AMD’s experts managed to reverse engineer the Intel 8080 and introduce a clone onto the market. After a few setbacks in the 80’s and 90’s when trying to embrace some new technologies, AMD decided to continue to focus solely on its AMD processors. In 2006, they merged with ATI Technologies. In October 2008, AMD announced a multibillion-dollar joint venture with Advanced Technology Investment Co., a company based out of Abu Dhabi.

AMD first became known for their AMD Athlon processors, which they introduced in 2003. The chipsets included the AMD 640, AMD 75, and the AMD 761. AMD produces their own processors, and does not outsource the production. They use a production system called Automated Precision Manufacturing (APM). They also, as should come as no surprise, have a long history of litigation with Intel. Starting from the 1970′s when AMD cloned one of Intel’s processors, the two have been sometimes partners and sometimes foes. The computer industry indeed makes strange bed fellows. Nonetheless, AMD processors have developed into good products in their own right.

This AMD Processor Review is Written/Updated on Sep 24th, 2009 and filed under Computer Hardware. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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